Ky motorcycle permit test practice

For anyone struggling with overwhelming feelings:

2023.06.02 16:38 Opening-Campaign-532 For anyone struggling with overwhelming feelings:

Lisa Najavits, PhD
Grounding is a set of simple strategies to detach from emotional pain (for example, drug cravings,
self-harm impulses, anger, sadness). Distraction works by focusing outward on the external world—rather
than inward toward the self. You can also think of it as “distraction”, centering,” “a safe place,” looking
“outward,” or “healthy detachment.”

When you are overwhelmed with emotional pain, you need a way to detach so that you can gain control
over your feelings and stay safe. As long as you are grounding, you cannot possibly use substances or hurt yourself. Grounding ‘anchors’ you to the present and to reality.
Many people with PTSD and substance abuse struggle with either feeling too much (overwhelming
emotions and memories) or too little (numbing and dissociation). In grounding, you attain balance
between the two—conscious of reality and able to tolerate it.

 Grounding can be done any time, any place, anywhere and no one has to know.
 Use grounding when you are: faced with a trigger, having a flashback, dissociating, having a
substance craving, or when your emotional pain goes above 6 (on a 0-10 scale). Grounding puts
healthy distance between you and these negative feelings.
 Keep your eyes open, scan the room, and turn the light on to stay in touch with the present.
 Rate your mood before and after to test whether it worked. Before grounding, rate your level of
 emotional pain (0-10, where 10 means “extreme pain”). Then re-rate it afterwards. Has it gone down?
 No talking about negative feelings or journal writing. You want to distract away from negative
 feelings, not get in touch with them.
 Stay neutral—no judgments of “good” and “bad’. For example, “The walls are blue; I dislike blue
because it reminds me of depression.” Simply say “The wafts are blue” and move on.
 Focus on the present, not the past or future.
 Note that grounding is not the same as relaxation training. Grounding is much more active, focuses
on distraction strategies and is intended to help extreme negative feelings. It is believed to be more.
effective for PTSD than relaxation training.

Mental Grounding
♣ Describe your environment in detail using all your senses. For example, “The walls are white; there are
five pink chairs, there is a wooden bookshelf against the walt...” Describe objects, sounds, textures,
colors, smells, shapes, numbers and temperature. You can do this anywhere. For example, on the
subway: “I’m on the subway. I’ll see the river soon. Those are the windows. This is the bench. The
metal bar is silver. The subway map has four colors...”
♣ Play a “categories” game with yourself. Try to think of “types of dogs”, “jazz musicians”, “states that
begin with “A”, “cars”, “TV shows”, “writers”, “sports”, “songs”, “European cities.”
♣ Do an age progression. If you have regressed to a younger age (e.g., 8 years old), you can slowly work
your way backup (e.g., “I’m now 9”; “I’m now 10”; “I’m now 11”...) until you are back to your current
♣ Describe an everyday activity in great detail. For example, describe a meal that you cook (e.g., First I
peel the potatoes and cut them into quarters, then I boil the water, I make an herb marinade of
oregano, basil, garlic, and olive oil...”).
♣ Imagine. Use an image: Glide along on skates away from your pain; change the TV channel to a better
show think of a wall as a buffer between you and your pain.
♣ Say a safety statement. ‘My name is _________; I am safe right now. I am in the present, not the past.

I am located in _____________ the date is _____________.
♣ Read something, saying each word to yourself. Or read each letter backwards so that you focus or the
letters and not on the meaning of words.
♣ Use humor. Think of something funny to jolt yourself out of your mood.
♣ Count to 10 or say the alphabet very s..l..o..w..l..y.
♣ Repeat a favorite saying to yourself over and over (e.g., the Serenity Prayer).

Physical Grounding
 Run cool or warm water over your hands.
 Grab tightly onto your chair as hard as you can.
 Touch various objects around you: a pen. keys, your clothing, the table, the walls. Notice textures,
colors, materials, weight, temperature. Compare objects you touch: Is one colder? Lighter?
 Dip your heels into the floor— literally “grounding” them! Notice the tension centered in your heels as
you do this. Remind yourself that you are connected to the ground.
 Carry a ground object in your pocket—a small object (a small rock, clay, ring, piece of cloth or yarn)
that you can touch whenever you feel triggered.
 Jump up and down.
 Notice your body: The weight of your body in the chair; wiggling your toes in your socks; the feel of
your back against the chair. You are connected to the world.
 Stretch. Extend your fingers, arms or legs as far as you can; roll your head around.
 Walk slowly, noticing each footstep, saying “left,” “right” with each step.
 Eat something. Describe the flavors in detail to yourself.
 Focus on your breathing. Noticing each inhale and exhale. Repeat a pleasant word to yourself on each
inhale (for example, a favorite, color or a soothing word such as “safe” or “easy”).
Soothing Grounding
♥ Say kind statements, as if you were talking to a small child. E.g.. “You are a good person going through
a hard time. You’ll get through this.
♥ Think of favorites. Think of your favorite color, animal, season, food, time of day, TV show.
♥ Picture people you care about (e.g., your children; and look at photographs of them).
♥ Remember the words to an inspiring song, quotation or poem that makes you feel better (e.g.. the
Serenity Prayer).
♥ Remember a safe place. Describe a place that you find very soothing (perhaps the beach or mountains,
or a favorite room); focus on everything about that place—the sounds, colors, shapes, objects,
♥ Say a coping statement. “I can handle this”, “This feeling will pass.”
♥ Plan out a safe treat for yourself, such as a piece of candy, a nice dinner, or a warm bath.
♥ Think of things you are looking forward to in the next week. Perhaps time with a friend or going to a


♠ Practice as often as possible. Even when you don’t “need” it, so that you’ll know it by heart.
♠ Practice faster. Speeding up the pace gets you focused on the outside world quickly.
♠ Try grounding for a Iooooooonnnng time (20-30 minutes). And, repeat, repeat, repeat.
♠ Try to notice whether you do better with “physical” or “mental” grounding.
♠ Create your own methods of grounding. Any method you make up may be worth much more than
those you read here because it is yours.
♠ Start grounding early in a negative mood cycle. Start when the substance craving just starts or when
you have just started having a flashback.

Copyright: Guilford Press (New York). From: Najavits LM. “Seeking Safety”: A Treatment Manual
for PTSD and Substance Abuse (in press). Cannot be reprinted without permission.
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2023.06.02 16:37 bingeflying FAA proposes removing expiration of flight instructor certificates

In a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) published last week, the FAA proposes to amend the flight instructor certificate renewal requirements by changing the existing renewal requirements to recent experience requirements and adding a new method for persons to establish recent flight instructor experience. This rulemaking would also allow a flight instructor whose recent experience has lapsed by no more than three calendar months to reinstate flight instructor privileges by taking an approved flight instructor refresher course rather than completing a flight instructor certification practical test.
submitted by bingeflying to flying [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:36 jluiscolon Drug Testing in Sports and the Workplace: Challenges, Controversies, and Implications

Drug Testing in Sports and the Workplace: Challenges, Controversies, and Implications
Drug testing has become a critical aspect of maintaining integrity and fairness in both professional sports and the workplace. In this article, we will delve into the challenges and controversies surrounding drug testing in these two domains. We will explore the impact of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs), the effectiveness of current testing methods, and the ethical implications of doping. Additionally, we will examine the policies, privacy concerns, legal aspects, and the effectiveness of different testing methods in ensuring a drug-free work environment.
Drug Testing in Sports: Performance-enhancing drugs have posed significant challenges to the world of professional sports. Athletes seek these substances to gain a competitive edge, which undermines fair play and the integrity of the game. The impact of PEDs is not only limited to enhancing physical abilities but also includes improving endurance, recovery, and reducing fatigue. Consequently, drug testing has become essential to maintain a level playing field.
Current testing methods, such as urine and blood tests, are commonly used to detect PEDs. While these methods have proven effective to some extent, they are not foolproof. Some substances may be difficult to detect, requiring more advanced testing techniques. Moreover, athletes and their trainers continually explore new ways to evade detection, pushing the boundaries of current testing capabilities.
The ethical implications of doping are profound. Athletes who resort to using PEDs not only compromise their own health but also set a poor example for aspiring athletes and undermine the trust of fans. Doping also raises questions about fairness, as those who adhere to the rules and compete cleanly may find it impossible to succeed against their drugged counterparts.
Workplace Drug Testing: In the workplace, drug testing serves to ensure a safe and productive environment. Employers have a duty to protect their workforce and mitigate risks associated with impaired performance, accidents, and potential liabilities. However, drug testing policies in the workplace raise concerns about privacy, legality, and effectiveness.
The legal aspects of workplace drug testing vary across jurisdictions. Some countries require employers to have a reasonable suspicion before conducting a drug test, while others permit random testing. Striking the right balance between ensuring safety and respecting individual privacy is crucial.
Privacy concerns arise due to the invasive nature of drug testing. Employees may feel their personal lives are being encroached upon, leading to potential resentment and a negative work environment. Employers must handle drug testing with sensitivity, ensuring confidentiality and clear communication regarding the purpose and process of testing.
Different testing methods are available for workplace drug testing, including urine, hair, saliva, and breath tests. Each method has its advantages and limitations. Urine tests are most used, but they may not detect recent drug use accurately. Hair tests can provide a longer detection window but may not detect recent drug use. Saliva and breath tests offer quicker results but are better suited for detecting recent drug use rather than long-term drug use.
Conclusion: Drug testing in sports and the workplace is essential to maintain fairness, safety, and productivity. However, challenges and controversies persist. The impact of performance-enhancing drugs on sports integrity and the ethical implications of doping cannot be ignored. Similarly, workplace drug testing must navigate legal and privacy concerns while employing effective testing methods.
Continued research and development of testing methods are crucial to stay ahead of the ever-evolving landscape of drug use. Striking the right balance between maintaining integrity, ensuring safety, and respecting individual privacy is key. Ultimately, drug testing serves as a tool to foster fairness, protect individuals, and uphold the values of sportsmanship and professionalism.
#IntegrityInSports #CleanAthletes #Workplace #Wellness #drugtesting #legalaspects #privacy #testingmethods #safety #productivity #drugfree #work #WorkplaceDrugTesting #SafetyFirst #peds #HealthyWorkplace #medicaldisposablescorp
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2023.06.02 16:35 AyySorento Windows 11 "new" EFI System Partition requirement. Autounattend.xml warning.

If you have installed Windows 10 using a USB drive with an autounattend.xml file on it, this may pique your interest.
TLDR: If the EFI partition on the system is too small, Windows 10 devices can not update to Windows 11 through a standard feature update. If you have ever used an autounattend.xml to install Windows from a USB, it's likely the EFI partition is too small.
We all know the (somewhat crazy) requirements to run Windows 11. One lesser know requirement (possibly new) not documented (yet) by Microsoft is the size of the EFI system partition. For those curious, the EFI system partition is what computers use to boot and talk with UEFI BIOS. Pretty important to have. This could be a new requirement as I have updated several devices to Windows 11 before, but now, those same models can no longer update due to this issue.
Recently, my org has been preparing to upgrade all our devices to Windows 11 in the coming months. Utilizing reports available in Intune, thousands of our new devices were ineligible for Windows 11. It would either tell us to replace the system drive or show the error "We couldn’t update system reserved partition". Confused, we reached out to Microsoft for some help. After weeks of troubleshooting and talking with several Microsoft product teams, we have finally uncovered the problem and its original cause.
Let's talk about the problem first. According to Microsoft, the minimum size of the EFI partition should be 100MB, as outlined in THIS article. While there seems to be no standard, manufacturers and the default Windows installation tend to set it around 500MB. It can vary per device. Windows 11 needs at least 15MB of free space in the EFI partition to upgrade to Windows 11. Unfortunately, due to third-party software using that partition more than ever, along with new Widows 11 needs, 100MB isn't enough space anymore. Microsoft has another article HERE about freeing space in the EFI partition. Though, you'd be lucky if those steps free up enough space. After going back and forth with Microsoft Support and performing many tests, their product team finally informed us that an EFI partition sized at 100MB is too small. They recommended 400MB or more. They did confirm with us that their teams will work on updating all the documentation required but who knows how long that will take...
Now for the cause. For many reasons I rather not list here, my org had to install Windows 10 via USB drives on thousands of new laptops a while back. To help speed up the process, we used an autounattend.xml file that just so happened to be provided by a Microsoft employee assisting us. Though, you can easily go online and generate an autounattend.xml file or download a template. The XML file defines many things, including the partitions to be created along with the size. As you can probably guess by now, the EFI partition was set to the minimum of 100MB which was fine until the latest version of Windows 11. So now, every device that the XML file was used on has a small EFI partition and can't upgrade to Windows 11.
After searching for all the templates and online generators I could find, my findings didn't surprise me. Practically all of them had the EFI partition set to 100MB. Anybody who has used an autounattend.xml file to install Windows may have set their EFI partition to 100MB. You could have this problem and not even know if you are holding back on upgrading to Windows 11.
All of this mainly becomes a problem when you start looking for resolutions. The only way to fix this problem without reformatting the drive is to use a paid third-party tool or boot to a USB partition tool. It's not possible to automate a fix via PowerShell or Disk Manager. So, if you use autounattend.xml files in your organization or plan to in the future, ensure the EFI partition is set to 500MB or higher. As for me, well, looks like our plan to deploy Windows 11 might be delayed a while.
If you've made it this far, I thank you for reading. I'm hoping to help at least one person...
submitted by AyySorento to sysadmin [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:34 LargeCelebration9912 Differentiate Between Guru and Satguru

Differentiate Between Guru and Satguru
A lecturer in Government College will teach you the syllabus and at the same time acts as the invigilator, valuer of the paper etc., and finally you are getting a valued degree from the college. Similarly, the Lord acting as Guru preaches the spiritual knowledge, guides you practically, tests your knowledge in practice and finally gives you the suitable divine fruit. A teacher conducting tuition home is just teaching you and is not connected to the examination, degree etc. Similarly, a human being acting as Guru preaches you the spiritual knowledge and not concerned with your practice and its fruit. The human guru may be able to deliver the knowledge of Satguru (Lord acting as Guru) as it is, but cannot clarify your doubts in the practical field as effectively as Satguru does. If you are hearing the speech through a tape recorder, the clarification of doubts is not possible. Even in the speech, some parts may not be clear to you due to the defects in your grasping power only. The human guru serves as a messenger of the Lord only. He is just like a postman. Therefore, the guru you referred in the Sanskrit verse uttered by you means only Satguru. However, Satguru is not frequently available. Still the Lord will clarify your doubts through some body since the Lord has the superpower. Therefore, you need not worry that your doubts will be remaining without clarification in the absence of Satguru.
The Lord is always ready to explain your doubts either directly or indirectly. If you deserve to go to the upper level, you will certainly rise to the upper level by the direct or indirect guidance of God. However, if you are not capable of rising to the higher level, what is the use of even meeting Satguru directly? Therefore, you should not worry about the availability of Satguru. You should worry only about your spiritual progress to rise to the higher level and you must concentrate on removing the hurdles in your spiritual progress. If you are a tenth class candidate and even if you meet the president of the country, he can give you only the post of a peon. If you have passed I.A.S examination, the appointment order for the post of District Collector comes to your home. Sri Rama Krishna Paramahamsa told that one need not search for Guru. God will send Gurus of various levels as and when you reach those levels. When you are ripened, Satguru will contact you at once. You may miss Satguru in your search. But Satguru will not miss you when the proper time comes. Satguru cannot do any good to any undeserving fellow. For the sake of majority, Satguru will not come down because He is not bothered about the fame. Krishna preached hundred Kauravas but of no use. Only the five Pandavas followed Krishna as their Satguru. Shakuni could become Satguru for Kauravas. But finally both the Shakuni and Kauravas were destroyed. A teacher in bogus institution gets you a bogus degree which has no value at all. Therefore, the Lord as Satguru and devotee of the Lord as a human guru are good. But the fraud Guru will destroy himself and yourself. It is better to confine to your family if you are not getting Satguru but you should be never trapped by a fraud Guru.
submitted by LargeCelebration9912 to SpiritualAwakening [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:31 No_Competition4897 [HIRING] 25 Jobs in SC Hiring Now!

Company Name Title City
United States Secret Service Criminal Investigator Charleston
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First Vehicle Services Traveling Automotive/Diesel Technician Columbia
Walgreens Pharmacist- Sign-On Bonus Available - Walgreens Florence
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Taylor Maid Residential Cleaner Lexington
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EMCOR Group Commercial Maintenance Technician Charleston
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INSPYR Solutions Security Technician Charleston
Hey guys, here are some recent job openings , feel free to comment here if you have any questions, I'm at the community's disposal! If you encounter any problems with any of these job openings please let me know that I will modify the table accordingly. Thanks!
submitted by No_Competition4897 to SCJobsforAll [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:27 x_BinaryGenesis_x Questions,11th gen coming soon

A few questions. First, any recommendations for the clutch? Second, how easy is it to swap tunes? Assuming my wife might be driving the car infrequently, i want the option to tone it down for her. Would that be a problem if I have other bolt ons? Order of upgrades? tuner, rear motor mounts, intake, clutch, down pipe, intercooler, front pipe / cat back. Plus sway bar, SS brake lines as money permits. Should I upgrade the master / slave when I swap the clutch? Are there mods that should be done together because I will be taking out the same parts during the install?
This is going to be my DD with kids too. So, I don't want an overly loud exhaust. Is it absolutely necessary to swap it out? I've read that the 21WON has a decent tone with minimal drone.
In a way this is my MLC car. So, I want to get as much out of it as I can. But, I still need to be practical.
I'm new to the scene and have been trying to do as much research as I can, so I can make the most informed decisions.
submitted by x_BinaryGenesis_x to CivicSi [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:27 Prometheus0222 Orbiter Finance MetaMask Wallet Drained

I was hoping to get some answered regarding best practices and next steps considering my funds were drained from the hack surrounding Orbiter Finance. I interacted with a malicious smart contract where I permitted them allowance to spend tokens (I.e, $ETH, $ARB, $MATIC, $OP). I went on and removed the allowance to spend. But I want to make sure this wallet is still safe to use considering I still have tokens vested and locked in LP/Staking on Dapps. Is removing allowance enough to continue using wallet? Also I have been working on airdrops using the now affected wallet.
Please I need some answers of anyone who has experienced and/or been in the same place in the past!
submitted by Prometheus0222 to defi [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:25 Important-Lead-6512 Why do leftists keep coping about them having better equality and them being the "good guys"

The amount of leftists bragging about communism or socialist libertarianism being the greatest ideology doesnt make sense, one of the greatest communist states that ever existed, which is China, is more Auth capitalist than communist. The Soviet Union took every opportunity to get pepsi or some other corporate stuff from the US in to the country. I really cant find a great communist state where everyone prospered, agreed with the government or stuff. All the equality loving socialists had equality as good as a feudal state, "middle" class living in the cities and every else is just tyranny and ignorance of the great great government they mald about saving the people and the workers rights. You ask a socialist: Did the government that had a AuthLeft party in control infring on peoples rights? Was it worth killing about 100 million people in the last century to achieve your great state of socialism/communism or whatever for it to fail anyway? Look at the spanish civil war, the Republican side was extremely disoriented, lacked any support other than the russians who wanted to test out their medieval quality weapons and army, the anarchists who wanted to claim a territory of their own so they joined, and got as many victories as you could expect, which is practically nothing since they failed anyway and destroyed the already failing government even harder. Or the russian civil war? Yeah, great army. They claim it was a brilliant soviet victory, but if the whites had the main city centers and industrial sectors, you would see how that would end. You can call this a "rant" but im genuinly confused about the malding they keep doing when all the historical and real evidence shows that communism aint that great, and greed, a natural human trait, just makes it obsolete. There will always be elites in any country that will control it and live out in great luxury. Look at russia, former communist state, in a war they're losing, weak economy but extremely rich elites and the politicians as corrupt as you expect them to be. If i got something wrong please correct me, id like to discuss with anyone. To be honest i get some aspects of anarcho capitalism are very radical, but if you look at anarcho communism, thats probably as good as ancap seeing that for communism you need a proletariat leadership, workers that wouldnt mind the harsh conditions that an ancom state would need to achieve just to get a state of their own (most likely by violent means) even if they do lets say get into power by election, what to do than? Its highly individualistic, which i find weird because communism is collectivistic? People are all equal, share and care but if ancom says its "individualistic" than how does it work? There will be no incentive to go share or not start a business, well that wont happen because you will most likely get beaten to death or something. When you have an ancap society, you will get to do anything if you can understand a simple thing as the NAP and not doing dumb shit, you're free to go do whatever, live in a forest and proclaim it as private property, use creativity and knowledge to get in a higher class, the lower class will be people who refused to go up the knowledge ladder and will work to improve the higher peoples lives, because they worked hard and deserve to live well, on the other hand, you cant be sure if your gonna live in comfort in ancom or communism, because what if the states that exist sanction you or dont support you? Now what, you gotta be self sufficient, the soviet union tried that and you know how that ended, but the US greatness is just that, people who worked hard and got up the knowledge ladder got to live good, being served by the people below, but everyone had private property and the rights to defend. In communism your oppresed and you must live under the constant surveillance, same for ancom, the other people can now do whatever they want, theres no government, no oppresion, so you can start doing whatever and go live out but you cant have private property, thats everyones property, you cant stop someone from making a state and saying fuck you to everyone else, because they're free to do whatever, whats stopping them? You live in an anarchist land so that means anyone can do anything and if you try to stop them your an authoritarian and if you group up, that gets bigger, you get a leadership, a defense force, and woah, youve just made a socialist state. The leftists might say "but what about corporations taking over every part of your life" well the NAP exists, you're free to say fuck you to the corporation and the others agreeing to this will see they've infringed on it and they're free to join you, that balances it out, no monopolies or anything, because the individual with the other individuals working towards the same goal, to make their own lives better. Thanks if you read this, its quite long i know and as i said feel free to correct me or anything, if you want to have a debate feel free.
submitted by Important-Lead-6512 to Libright_Opinion [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:24 EventideGamesStudio How Do Solo Game Developers Make Video Games?

Hello Everyone!
How Do Solo Game Developers Make Video Games?
The process solo developers go through to build a game breaks down into 6 phases: Idea, Prototype, Iteration, Polish, Release, and Post-Release. Each phase impacts the game in a specific way.
  1. Idea: Have an idea for a game to create.
  2. Prototype: Build a small, quick, playable version of the game that reflects the game’s core idea.
  3. Iteration: Assemble and expand on the game’s core gameplay loop.
  4. Polish: Integrate extra details that make the game pop and stand out.
  5. Release: Share the game for others to play.
  6. Post-Release: Expand, Maintain, or leave the game as is.
This post is a direct copy from my website here.
Let’s jump right into it!
How do solo game developers make video games? Game development is a large topic to cover with many nuances. Today, we’ll walk through the process that solo game developers go through to develop the game itself.
Why is this important for solo game developers to understand this process?
Like the gaming industry, you have limited resources. Your time. Your money. Your effort. Your skills. Unlike the industry though, you are the driving force behind your game. You are responsible for everything. Marketing. Business. Art. Engineering. Building the game itself is a tiny part of the process. But, it is the core of the entire process.
How does the gaming industry build games? It breaks down into 6 phases:
Where does the game fit into each of these phases? Which ones are specific to the game themselves? These are vague and we can do better. Let’s break it down further.
Here’s how each of the 6 game industry phases relate to the game itself:
  1. Idea -> Idea
  2. Pre-Production -> Prototype
  3. Production -> Iteration
  4. Post-Production -> Polish
  5. Release -> Release
  6. Post-Release -> Post-Release
Let’s walk through each one of these game phases.


The idea is the thought or scenario for a game. This is the backbone and vision for the game. The more catchy, fun, and original it is, the better. The goal of this phase is to have an idea that you build a game off of.
It can come from anywhere: video game, board game, personal background, an experience, your brain, random idea generator, AI, players, friends, a team, group of people, family, etc.
The game idea we are going to use throughout this blog is for a survival crafting game.


A prototype is the smallest, quickest, playable version of the game that reflects the game’s core idea. The goal of this phase is two fold: Build the prototype and decide whether this prototype is worth growing into a full game.
Let’s elaborate on the definition of what makes up the prototype.
Smallest meaning you only want the core game elements present in the prototype.
How do you do this?
Start by disassembling the game idea into its core gameplay loop. A gameplay loop contains the main tasks that the player will be doing throughout the game.
In a survival crafting game, the core gameplay loop would look like this: gather resources, craft items and weapons, defeating enemies, and repeat.
The next step is to break down each task into systems that make the task possible. Then, you build those systems.
For example, to gather a wood resource, what systems do you need to get wood? Here’s a few you would need:
  1. To get wood from a tree, you need a tree to exist. Build a tree.
  2. How do you interact with the tree? You need to hit it. Need a system to contain a way to trigger actions with the keyboard and mouse. Then, you need to use that system to trigger actions like hit. You need a system on a tree to recognize the hits from you.
  3. How does the tree know when to turn into wood? When it’s destroyed, after 3 hits. Then, you’ll need the tree to have a health system.
  4. How do you get to the tree? You need to move to it. Need a player controller for the player to move around.
  5. Once you get the wood, how do you pick it up? Need a pick up system to pick up nearby resources.
  6. Once you pick up the wood, where is it stored? Need an inventory system to track the wood you’ve picked up.
You continue this process with each task until you have gone through each one.
Quick & Playable
We want a fast way to play and test out these tasks and the game itself. The two ways to do this are with a physical prototype or with a digital prototype.
The physical prototype is building the pieces and components that make up the game. Then, using them to interact with rules (which are in your head) and the environment. This method is quick and tangible. Unfortunately, it doesn’t scale well. It doesn’t work for all games (like our survival crafting game). You’ll need to convert it into a digital format anyway for the rules, systems, etc.. It’s hard to share and get feedback. For these reasons, solo developers favor the digital prototype.
The quickest way to create a playable digital prototype is with a game engine.
What is a game engine?
It’s a software tool embedded with many features and functionality that you build your game on top of. A good way to think about it is with an analogy: a game engine to a game is what a foundation is to a house. They are convenient, powerful, and ready to use (little to no setup required).
If you are new to game development, use a game engine. Picking one is a whole topic in itself. Depends on:
  1. What matters to you (e.g. support, tutorials, asset store, open source)
  2. What kind of game you’re building (e.g. 2D vs. 3D, pixel art vs realistic)
  3. Your skills and experience you have (e.g. programming).
Do your research and pick one. Don’t think about it too long.
Reflects the game’s core idea
Are you building systems related to the game idea and the game you want to make? If so, keep it. Else, drop it.
Using our survival crafting game example, a system to transition from day to night and back is nice. But, the game doesn’t depend on it.
This also includes the art. Use simple images for 2D and basic shapes, like spheres, capsules and cubes, for 3D. Remember we want small, quick and playable. This also avoids scope creep, a process of adding features until the game it’s too big and too complex to finish.
When you finish the prototype, it’s going to feel underwhelming to play.
Why is that? We have expectations.
First, we have expectations of ourselves. We know we can do better.
Second, we have expectations based on the games we’ve played. We’ve had great experiences and memories playing these amazing feeling and looking games. This prototype is not that.
This is 100% normal.
Remember the end goal of the prototype phase: decide whether to transform this prototype into a full game.
Deciding this is up to you and your goals. Is it fun? Does it offer a different and unique experience? Play around with it. Explore the space of the game idea. Don’t be afraid to experiment. This is when you should share it with people and get their thoughts with a playtest. As this blog relates to development of the game itself, we are going to skip it right now and move on to the iteration phase.


This is when you start to build up the game. You will spend a majority of your time here assembling and expanding the core gameplay loop. You’ll work on elements of the game that not only add breath but also depth.
For our survival crafting game example, during this phase you might do the following:
  1. Make more enemies (Zombies, Raiders, Mercenaries)
  2. Add more resources to gather (rock, metal)
  3. Make more weapons (swords, throwing knives, guns)
  4. Create more items (first aid kits, pickaxe, torch)
  5. Expand crafting to make interesting weapons and items (bottle + gas + cloth = molotov cocktail)
  6. Create puzzles to complete (Need key to unlock safe, solve riddle to find rare resources)
  7. Start a progression system or skill tree (Learn to craft more items, enhance melee abilities)
  8. Make more levels (dense green forest, snowy mountain, dry arid desert)
  9. Incorporate art assets (rocks, trees, buildings, first aid kits, swords, guns, zombies, birds, bears, etc.)
  10. Create a menu with settings (audio, video, gameplay)
  11. In-Game UI
  12. Day and Night Cycle
  13. Hunger, Stamina & Hydration system
  14. Interesting enemy AI (enemies maneuver in groups, find cover, attack with different weapons, reposition themselves)
  15. Narrative (why are you trying to survive?)
  16. Vehicles (Cars, motorcycles)
A key part of this phase (as the title suggests) is to iterate. Build. Test. Analyze. Repeat.
Build a system or improve an aspect of the game. Test to make sure it works. Analyze if it improves the game and aligns with the game’s idea. If it does, great! Move to the next thing. If not, why not? Was it not fun? Hard to use? Decide whether to improve it, shelve it or drop it.
With your time, effort and dedicated focus, the game will grow. It will morph into the game you are expecting. The game may scratch the itch but is not satisfying. It’s missing that extra umph that makes it special and impactful. This is where polish comes in.


Polish is the process of making the game look pretty, feel good to play, and elevate it to the next level. An important step before beginning the polish phase is that the game should be close to finished. Adding more content, systems and assets into the game puts you back into the iteration phase. Polish can be a distraction if done too early.
What do you do during this phase then? Integrate those extra details that make the game pop.
Using our survival crafting game example, this could include but is not limited to:
  1. Ambient sounds (water flowing, birds chirping)
  2. Music (tense music when an animal chases you, cheerful music when walking through a meadow, creepy music when walking around in the dark)
  3. Sound effects (firing a gun, chopping a tree, walking on rocky terrain, “oof” and “uggs” when taking damage)
  4. Particles (gun’s muzzle flash, wood chunks fly off of trees when hit, smoke rising from a fire)
  5. Post-processing (red bloody outline on screen when getting hit, chromatic aberration when feeling woozy)
  6. Screen shake (gentle sway when running, violent shake when taking damage)
  7. Visual effects (grenade explosions, x-ray vision)
  8. Animations (squash & stretch, player running, UI Transitions)
At this point, the game should look, feel and play like the game idea you had to begin with. If it doesn’t, that’s ok. Go back to the iteration phase to add content or keep adding polish. It’s rare to get it right the first time. Take a few passes through the iteration and polish phase to get it where you want it and are happy with it. Don’t be afraid to get feedback from others too.
Once you feel it’s ready, the next step is to put it into the player’s hands. Releasing it.


Congrats, you’ve made it to the end! 🥳 Time to let the game shine and let your players play it. Releasing your game means to share it online for players to access it by put it on a marketplace.
For PC, a few locations are Steam, and Epic Games. For Mobile, there is the iOS App Store and Google Play Store. For consoles, there is Sony’s Playstation Store, Microsoft’s Xbox Store and Nintendo’s Store & eShop.


You finished the game. Where do you go from here? There are three options: Expand it, Maintain it, or Leave it as-is.
You can expand the game using updates or Downloadable Content (or DLC). This could be adding more to the game that you couldn’t fit or didn’t have time to put in before release.
Examples for our survival crafting game could be:
  1. Additional guns
  2. Cosmetic upgrades
  3. More game modes (like playing as an animal and hunting the player)
  4. A level editor
  5. Mod support
  6. New levels (like an abandoned metropolitan area.
You can maintain the game through bug fixes to improve the current player’s experience.
Examples could be:
  1. Prevent visual glitches
  2. Stopping enemies running through walls
  3. Fix the save system
  4. Prevent item duplication
  5. Fix the inventory
You could leave it as-is. The game is what it is. You get what you get and that’s it. No planned updates, fixes or DLC.
It depends on you, your goals and your time. It’s up to you on what to do next.


The process solo developers go through to build a game breaks down into 6 phases: Idea, Prototype, Iteration, Polish, Release, and Post-Release. Each phase impacts the game in a specific way.
  1. Idea: Have an idea for a game to create.
  2. Prototype: Build a small, quick, playable version of the game that reflects the game’s core idea.
  3. Iteration: Assemble and expand on the game’s core gameplay loop.
  4. Polish: Integrate extra details that make the game pop and stand out.
  5. Release: Share the game for others to play.
  6. Post-Release: Expand, Maintain, or leave the game as is.
I hope this provided a sneak peek behind the curtain of game development.
submitted by EventideGamesStudio to devblogs [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:20 lovingthecrewe CYSA+ Sybex and Dion practice exams

Hello all,
I have my CYSA+ scheduled for August, I feel a little nervous about it but I do feel prepared as well. For my studying I have done Dions full course, half of the Sybex text book for my weak topics, plus the all in one book along with the practice tests
For dions tests I have been scoring 80s and 90s consistently, I just started the Sybex test bank online and they've been very helpful as well. The practice tests in the all in one I've been scoring decent scores in as well. I've been going over NMap flags and can read the log pretty well along with knowing a decent amount of Linux flags.
My big question is how do the practice tests compare to the exam because in my experience with Sec+, the practice exams were actually harder. Do you all think I will be fine?
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2023.06.02 16:13 Manjusri June Quiet Sit Thread

Please feel free to use this check-in thread with commenting if there's any reason you don't want to start daily threads for yourself (for example, maybe you can't sit daily, you just want to test out a period of sitting shorter than 30 days, or you just don't want it to pop up for subscribers). I'll still be monitoring this thread but I'll keep personal comments to a minimum unless requested. Best wishes for your practice!
submitted by Manjusri to 30daysit [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 16:09 Safe-Company3038 Your Trusted Car Rental Service in Islamabad:

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The rise of distributed vehicle sharing may be one of the most significant shifts in the rental car industry. Venture and Zipcar are expanding their strategies by collaborating with ride-sharing apps, organizing events, and eventually entering the car deals market.
The expansion of progression, which will also improve the overall customer experience, is another huge change. Organizations will want to actually keep an eye on vehicles all the time and fix any problems right away before they become a problem for customers because of these new innovations. As a result of these advancements, businesses and customers alike will benefit from lower operating costs. These changes will significantly improve car rental services in the future. Keep tuned! The organization is changing quickly.
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Some businesses offer customers additional benefits mercedes for rent in islamabad like limits and prizes in addition to a wide selection of vehicles. For instance, customers who lease automobiles from American Express receive exceptional "card part rates."
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Safety: For those who require temporary transportation, a dependable and secure car rental service is an option. They have severe rules for how to clean and sanitize their vehicles for every client. In addition, they use online enrollment and payment to reduce contact and risk. Additionally, a lot of businesses offer gloves and facial coverings to customers traveling in their vehicles.
A car rental company will use sanitizer to disinfect important areas between rentals in addition to vacuuming and sweeping. These features are present in the mirrors, the steering wheel and column, the console with cupholders, the seats, and the audi for rent in islamabad doors' interior. The air conditioning and vents might even be cleaned by some rental companies.
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2023.06.02 16:01 smartybrome German Language Practice Test: Level A1

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2023.06.02 16:01 smartybrome A1 German Language Practice Test [With FREE E-Book]

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2023.06.02 16:01 smartybrome React JS Mastery: Test Your Skills with Practice Tests 2023

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2023.06.02 15:58 lifelifebalance My missing data imputation is not accurately predicting the missing values but the imputed data gives good results for regression

I have spent quite a lot of time setting up a system for imputing missing values using a lot of trial and error for different techniques. The two that "worked" best in terms of the accuracy of the final predictions when testing on the dependent variable was multiple imputation and then a method that uses a transformer to impute the values.
When looking at the results of imputation though the values are usually way off from what they should be. So I am wondering how this is resulting in better r^2 scores for the final prediction. I am using k-fold cross validation when training the final model on imputed data. Nowhere in the process of imputation does the model have access to anything related to the dependent variable so I am confused how I am getting better results if the imputed data is wrong.
Is it okay to still use these imputed, inaccurate values, for the models or is it likely that this model trained on these inaccurate values will not preform well when the model is used in practice?
submitted by lifelifebalance to MLQuestions [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 15:56 bigmacaronincheese Constructive tier list of all the Creative Finals

DISCLAIMER: These rankings are assuming they're the same standards as other real finals, since they're in the main solo show.
S tier - None of them.
A tier - Still no!
B tier - Firewall Finale
C tier - Mount Boom
D tier - Bellyflop Battlers, Wooseleum
F tier - Parkour Panic, Slide Showdown
Super F tier - Square Up
Firewall Finale: In my opinion the best final out of the bunch so far. While all these Creative finals seem to suffer from the same problem of spawn positioning, this level makes it up with it's tougher jumps and patience required to bypass obstacles. Fall once and you're essentially out, so watch your six if someone's behind you.
Mount Boom: Another difficult final. This one requires even more patience, but instead with the Boom Blasters. This round would be decent if Boom Blasters weren't an inconsistent mess and if the delays were the same so spawn positioning wouldn't matter too much.
Bellyflop Battlers: The theme and idea is there, but it just doesn't cut it. The slime concave aren't smooth, so you can't actually get a lot of speed like in Speed Slider. In reality, this round is just super dependent on spawn positioning and bodyblocking. There is SOMEWHAT of a comeback potential because of the obstacles along the way, so it isn't a fully bad round.
Wooseleum: This is a terrible round in practice, since there's literally no obstacles other than the last jump with the axe which may give you a chance at winning. Decoration wise, it's very cute!
Parkour Panic: A prime example of a round that wasn't tested at all. The "parkour" part of "parkour panic" isn't even necessary until the end, because the bottom and EASIEST path of the map is coincidentally the fastest! Awful.
Slide Showdown: Literally no obstacles that can possibly help you make a comeback if you spawn at the back or right-side. This makes the round very dependent on spawn RNG. It's such a shame that it's called "Slide Showdown", because a way better level design could've had that name.
Square Up: Holy. Shit. This is by far the worst round in the game, EVER made. It's long, bland, spawn dependant, extremely punishing, you name it! If you fall ONCE, you might as well back out because it takes an eternity to respawn and there are literally no comeback chances. What's even worse is that you're on a conveyor the entire time, so being grabbed from miles away happens very often.
Those are my takes on these new maps, and if I'm being honest, none of these deserve to be semi finals, let alone finals.
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2023.06.02 15:56 Cool-Butterscotch188 Should I get a new recruiter?

I went to a recruiter about a month ago. I took the quick practice asvab in his office and scored pretty low, 34. I completed the application and told him a little about my medical history. I’m 19 yo male and a little over 3 years ago I was admitted to a psychiatric facility for 5 days. I told him that and he said he thought it would be ok since it had been over 18 months but that he would email me a medical release form. I haven’t heard from him since. I have since taken a couple long form asvab practice tests and scored in the high 60s. I texted him a couple days ago and haven’t heard back. What should I do?
submitted by Cool-Butterscotch188 to AirForceRecruits [link] [comments]

2023.06.02 15:55 Grouchy_Beat1049 Over the moon!

After the total nightmare of my last test ( I passed today!
I was so lucky to get another test super quickly using cancellation apps- ended up going to another test centre in a different city and practiced there for the past fortnight. I was fairly nervous after my last test experienced, but managed to pass with 5 minors :)
Thanks to everyone on here for encouraging me after my last test to keep on practicing and get a new test as soon as possible! Good luck to everyone else out there
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2023.06.02 15:54 alleyjohn 10 Tips for Effective Studying

Introduction: Effective studying is a crucial skill for academic success. It involves employing smart strategies and techniques that optimize learning and retention. Rephrase my essay, By following these ten tips, you can enhance your study habits and make the most out of your study sessions.

Set Clear Goals

Start by defining clear goals for each study session. Identify what you aim to achieve and break down your study material into manageable sections. This approach will help you stay focused and motivated throughout your study session.

Create a Productive Study Environment

Establish a dedicated study space that is free from distractions. Find a quiet area where you can concentrate and organize your study materials. help with assignments, Ensure your study space is well-lit and comfortable, promoting a positive and conducive atmosphere for learning.

Develop a Study Schedule

Create a study schedule that balances your workload and prevents cramming. Allocate specific time slots for different subjects or topics, and stick to the schedule consistently. This structured approach enhances productivity and prevents procrastination.

Employ Active Learning Techniques

Engage actively with the material by using techniques such as summarizing, questioning, and teaching the concepts to yourself or others. Actively participating in the learning process improves comprehension and retention compared to passive reading or highlighting.

Utilize Effective Note-Taking Strategies

Develop a personalized note-taking system that works for you. Summarize key points, use headings and subheadings, and create visual aids like diagrams or mind maps. Online paper help, These techniques help you organize information effectively and make it easier to review later.

Practice Retrieval and Spaced Repetition

Regularly test your knowledge and retrieve information from memory. This could involve taking practice quizzes, solving problems, or explaining concepts without referring to your notes. Additionally, employ spaced repetition techniques by reviewing material at increasing intervals over time to reinforce learning.

Use Multiple Learning Resources

Expand your learning resources beyond textbooks. Seek supplementary materials like online tutorials, videos, podcasts, or educational apps. Variety in learning resources can provide different perspectives and enhance understanding.

Form or Join Study Groups

Collaborate with classmates or form study groups to share knowledge and discuss challenging topics. Exam help online, Explaining concepts to others not only reinforces your own understanding but also exposes you to different perspectives and approaches.

Take Regular Breaks

Avoid marathon study sessions by incorporating regular breaks into your schedule. Short breaks every 45-60 minutes allow your brain to recharge and improve concentration. Use this time for physical activity, relaxation techniques, or engaging in hobbies to reduce stress and enhance productivity.

Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle

Lastly, prioritize your physical and mental well-being. Get enough sleep to consolidate learning and improve cognitive function. Exercise regularly to boost energy levels and reduce stress. Eat a balanced diet, stay hydrated, and practice mindfulness or meditation techniques to promote focus and concentration.


By implementing these ten tips, you can optimize your study habits and make your learning sessions more effective and efficient. Remember to set clear goals, create a productive study environment, develop a study schedule, engage actively with the material, Business Report Writing help take effective notes, practice retrieval, utilize multiple learning resources, collaborate with others, take regular breaks, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. With consistent effort and these strategies, you can enhance your learning experience and achieve academic success.
Reference from -
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2023.06.02 15:50 maskgirlnft T. Harv Eker – Secrets of Inner Power

T. Harv Eker – Secrets of Inner Power
T. Harv Eker – Secrets of Inner Power

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Yes or Yes?
Of course the reason I am able to offer this kind of guarantee is because I know firsthand what this course does for people and I know what it will do for you. In fact I can’t even recall one person ever, I mean ever, asking for one cent back.
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